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21 mai 2015 4 21 /05 /mai /2015 15:19

Utopias like Émile ZOLA's La Cité Heureuse tell the story of a paradise. Dystopias like George ORWELL's 1984 tell the story of a hell.

What we do is what we get. Let us now study the dynamics leading to either hell or paradise.

I Vicious and vertuous circles
II Surrounded by the opposite
III What future for humankind ?

I Vicious and vertuous circles

In life, there are vicious circles. For example, an alcolholic person may be ashame of being alcoholic, then drink alcohol to forget that shame, then be even more ashamed... In a vicious circle, things evolve worse and worse.

A vertuous circle is the contrary. For example, if people spend time together, they will know better each other, so they will know what to do please other, so they will wish to spend more time together...

Good and evil are dynamic and observe vertuous and vicious circles. If a society is led by a vertuous circle, it will get better and better. But if a society is led by a vicious circle, it will get worse and worse. What I mean is that it moves, it cannot stay at the same level of morality.

It is possible to draw a map of vertuous and vicious circles. I will try it for France and the city of Freiburg in Germany.

Vicious circles have the shape of a square. Vertuous circles have the shape of a circle.

Vicious circles have the shape of a square. Vertuous circles have the shape of a circle.

I am sure that Grenoble follows a vicious circle because people communicate very little with each other. I am quite sure of the positive evolution of Freiburg in Germany because people like to please themselves, and sometimes shout strong against injustice in the street. I put a positive evolution for Clermont-Ferrand because it is a place where the struggle against injustice is strong, but I think that the influence of Paris is bad. I stayed a little time in Poitiers, so I cannot be sure. Poitiers seems to me as a very bourgeois place, with fascists facing no opposition.

II Surrounded by the opposite

Here comes the martial part. If an army is surrounded by its enemy, it will lose. This is also true for the war of good against evil.

Feathers represent good, horns represent evil. If a bad place is surrounded by good influences, it will become good. The same is true for evil surrounding good.

Feathers represent good, horns represent evil. If a bad place is surrounded by good influences, it will become good. The same is true for evil surrounding good.

III What future for humankind ?

We have seen that good and evil are dynamic. What future will we have for mankind ? I see three possibilities.

  • all human societies will become a paradise ;
  • all human societies will become a hell ;
  • some human societies will become a paradise and some human societies will become a hell.

I think that the third possibility is the most realistic.

 

What can we conclude of it ? First, if we want good to win, we must not have all the good places surrounded by evil. How can we do this ? We must draw a map of vicious and vertuous circles for all the world. This gives a lot of work for the moralists...

Second, we must await a divergence between good and evil societies. You can think I am crazy or whatever... but I think it is possible that a genetic divergence of humankind occurs. After all, the leaders who make our societies bad make children together in their close middle... and will come a time when the difference between people who accept the unacceptable and people who rebel against it, is so wide that they will not spend time together.

 

If you have something to say, especially if you disagree, please leave a comment

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Published by Bête spatio-temporelle - dans Morals
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8 mai 2015 5 08 /05 /mai /2015 13:35

In usual language, chaos means a big disorder. I shall write about chaos from different point of views : mythology, physics... If you want to say something, please leave a comment.

I Mythology
II Physics
III Warhammer
IV Politics

I Mythology

1- Greek mythology
2- Jewish mythology
3- Celtic mythology

1- Greek mythology

For the ancient Greeks, the first thing in the world was chaos. It was something without shape, without sound of an infinite size1.

Chaos in Greek mythology was something completely uniform.

Chaos in Greek mythology was something completely uniform.

P

This situation is equivalent to the nothingness.

2- Jewish mythology

The Jewish mythology says that at the beginning, the world was tohu-bohu, that means disorder. It means that before God's intervention, the world was chaos.

3- Celtic mythology

The Celts thought that their world was a differenciated world among others, originated from an undifferenciated world, the world of possibles. Winter and summer, world of possibles and world in which they live, they thought that on November 1st, they were closer from the world of possibles and they celebrated Samain, a day where the Celts thought it was easier to communicate with gods and ancestors.

Between winter and summer, on November 1st, Celts thought they were closer from the world of possibles.

Between winter and summer, on November 1st, Celts thought they were closer from the world of possibles.

II Physics

In physics, there is a particular notion of chaos. Chaos is where there is determinism (no randomness) but a small difference of initial conditions becomes a big difference.

Now look at the following picture.

Chaos

This is something I made at the university. The systems start very close from each other, but as time passes, they get trajectories that are completely different.

This sentivity to initial conditions is called butterfly effect. Why ? Because a popular picture says that whether a butterfly in Amazonia shake its wings or not, a hurricane will happen in Texas or not.

I made a short video to illustrate butterfly effect with two double pendulum. Here it is.

III Warhammer

The world of Warhammer is known for its monsters of Chaos. In Warhammer, chaos is the source of magic. There are four gods of chaos : Khorne, the god of brute force, Tzeench, the god of intelligence and plot, Nurgle, the god of illness, and Slaanesh, the god of temptation and insane pleasure2.

The logo of chaos in Warhammer.

The logo of chaos in Warhammer.

In the lands of chaos, nothing is stable, it is always changing an unpredictable way.

IV Politics

Some anarchists insist on the fact that what they want is not chaos. When the fascist England of V for Vendetta gets in trouble, the hero, V, says it is not anarchy, but chaos.

Jared DIAMOND, in his book Collapse, describes the situation of the massacre in Rwanda in the 1990s. He explains that people blocked the way to forbid people to flee away. What seemed chaos from the outside was actually a bad order seen from inside.

To go further :

Chaos text of Philippe ETCHECOPAR http://www.aestq.org/sautquantique/telechargement/chaos.pdf   (in French).

Notes :

1 : Bernard WERBER, Nouvelle encyclopédie du savoir relatif et absolu
2 : Warhammer Battle, Démons du chaos

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Published by Bête spatio-temporelle - dans Philosophy
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8 mai 2015 5 08 /05 /mai /2015 13:08

I have studied physics during several years at the university. In this article, I shall explain why theoretical physicists are mostly bad scientists.

I A bad mathematical level
II A lack of experience
III Conclusion

I A bad mathematical level

In a French elite school called "maths sup", I learnt a lot of things from a good mathematics teacher. I must admit that if I haven't done that year, I couldn't now criticize the lack of mathematical knowledge from physicists.

A common mistake is to say "the f(x) function". f(x) is no function ; the function is f.

Another common mistake is to consider that the => arrow means "so". The mathematical meaning of that sign is "implies".

I am not sure, but a physicist known as Frédéric FAURE is said to be strong in mathematics, but does the same common mistakes as the others.

Actually, most physicists don't know the bases of mathematics, concepts like a n-tuple, morphism, function, are not known by them.

II A lack of experience

A problem of theoretical physics is that the theories (supersymmetry, string theories...) are not based upon experience. It makes them little scientific, and for sure, out of the touch of reality.

 

A theory based on experience is scientifically solid.

A theory based on experience is scientifically solid.

On the other side, a theory based upon another theory is less sure.

On the other side, a theory based upon another theory is less sure.

III Conclusion

Dark matter we don't see, dark energy we don't see, upper dimensions we don't see... Theoretical physics is lost. The phenomenom dates from the end of the 19th century, where physicists were looking for a thing called aether. Einstein said that aether does not exist. But if I say that dark matter and dark energy do not exist, will the physicists listen to me ?

Actually, as Lee SMOLIN underlined, the problem is that the little revolutionaries, the people that theoretical physics need, are rejected out of the social middle. It is really hard to make the 8+ years of study to the PhD...

All these facts led me to consider that theoretical physics is a pseudo-scientific sect.

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Published by Bête spatio-temporelle - dans Sciences (Eng)
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11 avril 2015 6 11 /04 /avril /2015 15:35

Au début, j'ai bien crue que Kanalti allait y passer. Puis finalemente, on a vue que ces aumotides n'étaient pas méchantes.

Bien plus que cela.

Elles sont fantastiques.

Maîtresses de la poésie, on dit qu'aucune bipède manuelle n'a réussi à être aussi lyrique qu'elles. La faute à l'instrument, nous dit-on.

Et je me souviens encore de cette fois où mon esprit s'est ouvert...

Les oiseaux poètes

Rien que d'y repenser, ça me donne envie de revenir dans ces montagnes au dessus de la jungle. Mais j'ai un compte à régler avec la lâcheté de mes consoeurs :-) .

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Published by Bête spatio-temporelle - dans Omblio
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7 avril 2015 2 07 /04 /avril /2015 19:11

Overblog is in a time of trouble. Since summer 2014, several bad changes happened :

- ads have appeared ;
- categories are not in a pertinent order anymore ;
- the button Retour à l'accueil (home) disappeared ;
- it was written "Sailor star (L'étoile du marin)" for the title, now it is only written in French ;
- the writing interface became less practical.

I hope those problems will be solved one day. If Overblog carries on with its mistakes, I may use another system.

Thank you for your patience.

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Published by Bête spatio-temporelle - dans Sailor star
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7 avril 2015 2 07 /04 /avril /2015 19:02

Peu après les élections européennes de 2014, un vieil homme m'a dit que ce qui était bien dans mai 68, c'est "Il est interdit de d'interdire, mais il est pas interdit de réfléchir.". Il a dit que tout le reste, c'était des conneries, et que c'est ça qui mène à des trucs style Front National. Ma réflexion est basée sur cette réplique.

Dans le passé, j'aimais beaucoup mai 68. Aujourd'hui, j'en suis venu à l'idée que ce mouvement a eu au final plus de mauvaises répercussions que de bonnes.
Je vais défendre la thèse selon laquelle mai 68 a contribué à une régression politique. J'expliquerai dans quelle mesure mai 1968 a contribué à faire monter la droite.

I Les progrès perdus
II La droite gagnante aux élections
III Les erreurs de la gauche
IV Si c'était à refaire

 

I Les progrès perdus

Nous sommes en 2015. Arrive-t-il aux Français de se dire "Tiens, ce serait bien si les femmes étaient payées autant que les hommes." et de s'organiser pour se battre collectivement et gagner ce succès ? Arrive-t-il aux Français de se dire "Tiens, ce serait bien si on avait 100 % d'énergies renouvelables." et de faire le nécessaire pour que cela se réalise. Non. Les Français ont une vision très négative des choses et se sentent mal lorsqu'ils se disent "Il faut faire les choses bien.", ce qui fait qu'au final les efforts ne sont pas faits.
Cette limitation terrible du mécanisme de récompense et d'effort est due à un chaos intellectuel, le relativisme moral, qui prétend que le bien et le mal n'existent pas. Or, ce chaos intellectuel a fortement été soutenu par le mouvment de mai 1968.

Incapables de se battre pour quelque chose de bon, les Français se contentent de s'opposer à quelque chose de mal, ou de jugé comme tel.

II La droite gagnante aux élections

On pouvait naturellement s'attendre à ce qu'un mouvement d'une telle ampleur que mai 1968 débouche sur un gouvernement très à gauche. Or ce n'était pas le cas : c'est George POMPIDOU qui a été élu.

Que s'est-il passé ? Il y avait un moment, en mai 1968, pendant lequel le chef de l'État Charles DE GAULLE était absent, hors du territoire français. Pourquoi ne s'est-il pas fait remplacer par un candidat de gauche choisi par les révolutionnaires ? Peut-être parce que les anarchistes de mai 1968 n'ont pas cessé de répéter "Élections, piège à cons".

III Les erreurs de la gauche

Pendant mai 1968, la gauche s'est donné le visage repoussant du chaos. Niant l'existence du bien et du mal, se revendiquant de la dictature maoïste ou du non-sens situationiste, la gauche n'a pas joué la carte de la séduction. Daniel COHN-BENDIT se renvendiquait à l'époque anarchiste, il est devenu par la suite un hiérarchiste comme un autre. À mon avis, il est devenu anarchiste non pas à la suite d'une réflexion argumentée, mais par envie. Anarchistes par-ci, maoïstes par-là, tristement, mai 1968 c'était aussi le bal des paumés.

Mai 1968 fait partie de l'héritage de la gauche française. L'autorité scolaire, à cette époque, était trop forte. Depuis mai 1968, l'autorité a sans cesse été revue à la baisse, au final c'est le laxisme qui règne. Ses conséquences nauséabondes sont un niveau sans cesse revu à la baisse et une jeunesse de plus en plus ignorante dans une société qui en vient à mettre un parti nazi, le Front National, à la tête des élections.

Pourquoi les Français ne parlent-ils pas anglais ? Au collège, lorsqu'un élève parle anglais avec un bon accent, les autres se moquent de lui. C'est le laxisme hérité de mai 1968 qui permet ça, autrement le professeur valoriserait l'élève fort et gronderait les élèves moqueurs.

IV Si c'était à refaire

Il y avait du bon dans mai 1968. La hausse des salaires, la décision collective, l'émancipation sexuelle, les droits des femmes, des étrangers.

Si c'était à refaire, comment auriez-vous voulu que ça se passe ?

Pour ma part, j'aurais voulu beaucoup plus de sérieux. Que ces étudiants réfléchissent un peu plus et se rendent compte que le maoïsme, c'est la famine, la destruction, la tristesse, que la violence soit évitée autant que possible.
J'aurais voulu qu'un président de gauche soit élu à la place de De Gaulle avec des élections anticipées en 1968. J'aurais voulu que de nouvelles sociétés se forment, que de nouvelles entreprises basées sur l'égalité des salaires et de la prise de décision voient le jour. En fait, j'aurais souhaité le fleurissement de nombreux petits paradis locaux, dont le but est de recouvrir toute la carte, naturellement.

Mai 1968 est une révolution perdue. Héritage de la gauche de la Vème république, cette période mérite que l'on trie le bon du mauvais pour n'en garder que le meilleur.

Pour aller plus loin :

68, documentaire de Patrick ROTMAN

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Published by Bête spatio-temporelle
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25 février 2015 3 25 /02 /février /2015 21:23

Update 2014/3/10 : just an idea

 

In the French literature, Jean GIONO speaks about the "grande barrière", in English, big barrier. It is the barrier between man and animals.

I don't like the fact that animals fear us. If we respect them, if we stop to destroy their home and try to communicate with them, maybe we can erase that barrier.

So, I've got the idea that we could destroy this barrier in a video game :-) . For now, this is just an idea.

I Action
II A slow game
III Graphisms and landscape

 


I Action

Your aim is to set down the barrier between man and animals. Your ways of action are multiple : plant trees, tame an animal, cultivate your garden... For example, you may want to plant trees, to plant trees, you need to buy the field, to buy the field, you need to sell vegetables in the village market.

II A slow game

The big barrier is an enemy that requires several generations to be beaten. In this game, you control a family lineage : when your character dies, you control the daughter or the son. Each character has its own opinions, so you don't have always the same set of possibilities.

In this game, the world changes slowly. You only see countryside, people are not in a hurry, they take their time. Sometimes you have several people discussing in the summer evening, little insects glowing in the dark. It would be a slow and calm ambiance.

III Graphisms and landscape

Big barrier would offer a lot of attention to contemplation. Beautiful landscapes of high mountains, rocky rivers and wild forests. I think a realistic 3D is nice for that.

mountain canada
The kind of landscape you could see in Big barrier.

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Published by Bête spatio-temporelle - dans Video games
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25 février 2015 3 25 /02 /février /2015 21:14

According to the karate master Funakoshi, suspicion is the source of the evil. Humans fear the unknown.

We shall not fall into a vicious circle. In this article, I will explain how we can know who people really are.

I Frequent to know
II Value of the people
III Moral circles

 


I Frequent to know

You cannot know a person fast. To know somebody, you must spend a lot of time with that person. It is a major source of error to judge by appearances.

Moreover, it is important to know the past of the person, so you can understand her or his reactions.

rousse de face
Looking at someone in the eyes makes you dive into that person's mind.

II Value of the people

To rely on your friends, you must choose good people as friends. Good people are the people who make good things.

Bad people deserve to be abandoned. You must always keep on thinking to know the true value of the people, otherwise you may discriminate somebody.

There is no shame to know people better than yourself, they can be a source of inspiration.

III Moral circles

I heard that the lifestyle in Spain is a lifestyle where you always are with other people. It is very different from France, a country I'm trying to leave : people are very narrow-minded, they rely on some "friends" and don't want more, actually, the behaviour of the French is similar to an autist behaviour.

In the Spain case, it is rather a vertuous circle. In France, it is a vicious circle.
Spending a lot of time together, spending little time together : from this difference can happen either progress, either fall. Let us be social :-) .

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Published by Bête spatio-temporelle - dans Society sciences
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25 février 2015 3 25 /02 /février /2015 18:39

I wrote long ago... very long ago, that I would publish an article about relativity theory. I will do my best. I don't have much education about relativity theory, but I can say some things about it. Listen carefuly and don't be afraid. If there is something you don't understand, ask a question.

I Principle of relativity
II Lorentz transformation
III Einstein's interpretation
IV Paradox of twins

 


I Principle of relativity

The principle of relativity is one law among others that characterize the universal laws of Nature. It says :


"The laws of Nature are the same whatever the mechanical referential."


In the Sun's mechanical referential, the Earth rotates around the Sun. But in the Earth mechanical referential, we see the Sun rise in the morning and set in the evening.

There are other kinds of laws. I would say that the laws of Nature are the same whatever the size of the considered object.

Actually, the principle of relativity is rather a principle of absolute.

When he was working about making electromagnetic laws abiding by the principle of "relativity", a man called Hendrik LORENTZ found some mathematical relations.

II Lorentz transformation

When you look at something, say, an elephant eating a fruit, it takes some space and some time. This is what we call "an event", in special relativity.

Lorentz found the solution of his problem only for a part of cases. He found the solution for a mechanical referential going straight at the same speed in another referential. This looked like this.

 lorentz transformation fr
Lengths and times are multiplied or divided by gamma.

If you don't understand at this point, it's OK. I just wanted to show you the classical formula, so you can think "I've seen that somewhere else.".

What do these formulaes mean ? Here comes Einstein.

III Einstein's interpretation

Three people were working on this electromagnetism problem : Lorentz, Poincaré and Einstein.

Einstein had the strongest interpretation. He said that the gamma factor changing the lengths and the times was a sign that space and time are not absolute.

The absolute came to be the speed of light, making special relativity a modern theory of light.

The strange effects of special relativity cannot be seen in the normal life. They can be seen only for things getting so fast that they nearly have the speed of light, c. Lengths seem smaller and times seem bigger. The elephant would seem smaller in size and slower to eat its fruit.

A physicist called Thierry CHAMBON said that times seem bigger and lengths smaller because of a perspective effect within the space-time.

IV Paradox of twins

Let us put ourselves in the Earth's referential. Let us imagine two twins A and B. The A twin takes a spaceship travelling nearly as fast as the speed of light ; the B twin stays on the Earth. Then A comes back to Earth. Due to the time dilatation, it would be possible for A to age 2 years whereas B ages 40 years. But

  • if we consider the problem from the spaceship referential, it is the contrary : A ages 40 years and B ages 2 years ;
  • we supposed that the spaceship goes straight with a constant speed. When accelerating, the problem must be considered with another theory : general relativity.

 
The physicist Vincent MORENAS said it is maybe actually the same time for both of twins (40 years for A and 40 years for B).

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Published by Bête spatio-temporelle - dans Sciences (Eng)
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1 février 2015 7 01 /02 /février /2015 18:06

Reality corresponds to the present, but people can have an interest for either past and future. In fact, we can have an interest for present, past and future, but I'm gonna talk to you of people who have a special interest in the past, or a special interest in the future.

During a long time, I was someone most worried by the future. I decided to study science and I tried to imagine societies that never existed before. It is just 2 years ago that I decided to get interested in the past.

In fact, it is two different styles of thinking. Tolkien is an example of person interested in the past, the French science-fiction writer Bernard WERBER is an example of person interested in the future.

warcraft 3 screen starcraft screen 

Heroic fantasy and science-fiction are two literature styles that reflect either interest in the past, either interest in the future. The pictures shown is from Warcraft III on the left and Starcraft on the right.

I'm gonna try to show you the characteristics of these two styles of thinking. I would be glad you comment this classification.

Characteristics of people interested in the past :

  • documented ; 
  • rigid ;
  • conservative ;
  • attachment to dead people ;
  • old ;
  • slow.

Characteristics of people interested in the future :

 

  • imagination ;
  • flexible ;
  • for change ;
  • young ;
  • fast ;

I think each person with a well made mind has an interest both in the past and the future. But if we must have a priority, I think the best is to be interested in the past, because knowledge of the past allows not to repeat its mistakes.

Your comments are welcome.

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Published by Bête spatio-temporelle - dans Psychology
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