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8 mai 2015 5 08 /05 /mai /2015 13:35

In usual language, chaos means a big disorder. I shall write about chaos from different point of views : mythology, physics... If you want to say something, please leave a comment.

I Mythology
II Physics
III Warhammer
IV Politics

I Mythology

1- Greek mythology
2- Jewish mythology
3- Celtic mythology

1- Greek mythology

For the ancient Greeks, the first thing in the world was chaos. It was something without shape, without sound of an infinite size1.

Chaos in Greek mythology was something completely uniform.

Chaos in Greek mythology was something completely uniform.

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This situation is equivalent to the nothingness.

2- Jewish mythology

The Jewish mythology says that at the beginning, the world was tohu-bohu, that means disorder. It means that before God's intervention, the world was chaos.

3- Celtic mythology

The Celts thought that their world was a differenciated world among others, originated from an undifferenciated world, the world of possibles. Winter and summer, world of possibles and world in which they live, they thought that on November 1st, they were closer from the world of possibles and they celebrated Samain, a day where the Celts thought it was easier to communicate with gods and ancestors.

Between winter and summer, on November 1st, Celts thought they were closer from the world of possibles.

Between winter and summer, on November 1st, Celts thought they were closer from the world of possibles.

II Physics

In physics, there is a particular notion of chaos. Chaos is where there is determinism (no randomness) but a small difference of initial conditions becomes a big difference.

Now look at the following picture.

Chaos

This is something I made at the university. The systems start very close from each other, but as time passes, they get trajectories that are completely different.

This sentivity to initial conditions is called butterfly effect. Why ? Because a popular picture says that whether a butterfly in Amazonia shake its wings or not, a hurricane will happen in Texas or not.

I made a short video to illustrate butterfly effect with two double pendulum. Here it is.

III Warhammer

The world of Warhammer is known for its monsters of Chaos. In Warhammer, chaos is the source of magic. There are four gods of chaos : Khorne, the god of brute force, Tzeench, the god of intelligence and plot, Nurgle, the god of illness, and Slaanesh, the god of temptation and insane pleasure2.

The logo of chaos in Warhammer.

The logo of chaos in Warhammer.

In the lands of chaos, nothing is stable, it is always changing an unpredictable way.

IV Politics

Some anarchists insist on the fact that what they want is not chaos. When the fascist England of V for Vendetta gets in trouble, the hero, V, says it is not anarchy, but chaos.

Jared DIAMOND, in his book Collapse, describes the situation of the massacre in Rwanda in the 1990s. He explains that people blocked the way to forbid people to flee away. What seemed chaos from the outside was actually a bad order seen from inside.

To go further :

Chaos text of Philippe ETCHECOPAR http://www.aestq.org/sautquantique/telechargement/chaos.pdf   (in French).

Notes :

1 : Bernard WERBER, Nouvelle encyclopédie du savoir relatif et absolu
2 : Warhammer Battle, Démons du chaos

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Published by Bête spatio-temporelle - dans Philosophy
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